9. Society balance: The society is made up of masses that are associated with the same living conditions. The general term is human society, which is divided into various big and small societies.
Society balance refers to the internal balance of people within each society and the balance of societies with the outside world.
From the point of view that “all things are equal”, the society is first of all a “natural society” which includes all societies on earth. Human society is only a small part of the natural society and as a part it should be subordinate to the entire natural society.
Here, we mainly talk about the balance of human society.
(1) Take a correct stand. The Great Balance Theory divides the present-day society into two: the consignor and the consignee. Citizens are the consignor and civil servants are the consignee. “Of all worries a civil servant should reduce, it is the worries of the master that he should worry first.” The consignee should do its utmost to satisfy the reasonable demand of the consignor, and make self-criticism or resign from job if it fails to perform its duty well. Such moves will gain forgiveness of the public. “Of all duties entrusted by the master, it is the worries of the authorities that a civil servant should help exclude first.” The consignor should try to do its own job well, while making suggestions and comments on the work of the consignee as judgment for reward or punishment, promotion or demotion. The government should act mainly as the commanding headquarters, rather than merely a fire brigade to deal with emergencies. Anyhow, the goals for all are the same. Both parties must act according to law. But, “associating according to the priority of position”—the advantageous party has the responsibility to first observe relevant rules.
Each generation has its own historical missions and historical difficulties. “War, peace and development” have dominated history, but the goal has been the same—subsistence. In the era of sharp competition, it will be regarded “a fault” if one works hard but to no avail. People should make more merits, and not rest on their former laurels. When personal problems arise, people often forget what their parents and teachers have taught them, and fail to take a correct stand, thus jumbled their duties and caused social chaos.
(2) Set clear standards. The basic standards of one state or the entire human society should be consistent, that is, for people’s happiness, state security, world peace, harmony between man and nature, and giving full play to human potentials—“the orderly increase of the overall interests”. The only difference lies in the wording and order of different countries and their respective emphasis at different times. The countries can adopt different ways as long as the standards are upheld, since the organic combination of diversity and uniformity will benefit the development. The media should report more the strong points of others, and make less or no comment on their shortcomings, so as to promote world peace.
(3) Complete the system. The management of human society falls into two general divisions: democracy and centralized power. Either is a means, not a goal. As long as the people are happy about it, either democracy or centralized power will be a correct choice. There is no absolute democracy or absolute centralized power in the world, and the two are inter-mingled. If democracy is everywhere, then there will be no democracy, and if centralized power is everywhere, then there will be no centralized power. One knows his own child the best and one never loves others more than oneself. So long as it suits the national conditions, it is the internal affairs of a country to choose either democracy or centralized power, and none of the business of any other people. Respect is the best show of care.
(4) Be honest and have trustworthiness. With no honesty or lacking trustworthiness, one can never gain the trust of the public and therefore cannot succeed in the end. It is not only a waste of manpower, material resources, financial resources and time of the taxpayers, but also directly affect the national competitiveness. Transparency and capability of a government go hand in hand. Though honesty may cause “losses” sometimes, it brings about “benefits in the long run” and should be encouraged justly.
(5) Protect human rights. Try not to trouble people, but work selflessly and let things take their own course. The people are most intelligent and respect is the best show of care. Bilateral exchanges should be first based on ethics. Talk more about the strong points of others, and make less or no comment on their shortcomings. The double standard regarding human rights is a revelation of hegemony, and is the cause of terrorism. It is worse than terrorism. So, in the fight against terrorism, we should also root the cause. This is likewise both at home and around the world.
In a word, ruling a country is like harnessing the flood, running a family and curing a disease. The issue of society balance is quite complicated, but the knot to solve complicacy is usually very simple: have room for maneuver.
There has never been anything like savior in the world, and the final way out for mankind should be: self-conscience, self-emancipation, self-management and self-surpass.
Though each generation has its own historical missions, the rapid development may require the young generation to assume their duty ahead of time. – Fan Gaoting