3. Diet balance: a reasonable demand-supply of food. It is where happiness in life lies and a reflection of personal cultivation.
“Food is the basic need of man”, or the prime want. But today, many still do not know what “good eating and drinking” means to them. We hold that “good” means “meeting the demand while doing no harm to the health”. The method is to supply according to the demand with proper adjustment. Let sense play the main role and sensibility supplement.
Human beings are the product of nature. The human body has and needs more than 60 kinds of elements, which by and large coincide with those the earth has. Since these elements are contained in various grains and vegetables, people need and like to eat coarse cereals, vegetable and potlucks. Experts also suggest one eat more than 30 kinds of food every day if he wants to ingest the nutrition needed by his body. The protein, fat, carbohydrate, vitamin, inorganic salt, water and meal fiber in the food can not be fully utilized unless people eat diversified food with proper proportions for joint effects. Partiality for a particular kind of food will result in “nutrition deficiency” though the total quantity of nutrition may be high.
Ancient Chinese advocated, “Medicine and food are of the same origin”. To avoid the harms to health caused by acid-alkali imbalance, a proper arrangement of acid and alkali is recommended. Fruit and vegetable are alkali food for they contain a lot of mineral elements such as potassium, natrium, calcium and magnesium that are oxides with positive ions, while rice products and meat, fish, eggs are acid food as they contain negative ions. A balanced arrangement of acid-alkali food is most beneficial to health.
According to the WHO, health is built on four bases: rational diet, appropriate amount of exercise, no smoking and limited amount of liquor, and psychological balance. Once people have met these four requirements, the incidences of high pressure, diabetes, brain stroke and cancers may be reduced by 55%, 50%, 75% and 1/3 respectively, and their average life span will be extended by 10 years. But it should be noted that such a healthy way of life should start with children. Rich families may get just the opposite to what they wish if they blindly utilize their abundant resources, while ordinary families will not lack in nutrition as they make rational nutrition arrangements despite their humble resources.
Ancient Chinese held that the functions of diet were to “increase the qi and supplement the weakness, strengthen the body and suit the stomach”. To increase the qi—add energy, supplement the weakness—supply what is already consumed, strengthen the body—guarantee the nutrition, and suit the stomach—satisfy both stomach and appetite. Then, how to ensure a diet balance?
The Great Balance Theory suggests that one should first of all make clear the relations between “what one wants to eat and what one should eat”. “What one wants to eat may not be what one should eat”, and “what one should eat may not be what one wants to eat”. But think it over please: What is the aim of eating? For subsistence? Or rather for palatability?
If it is for palatability, one will think more about “what one wants to eat” than “what one should eat”, but soon diseases of obesity, hyperlipemia, and hyperglycemia will develop. In consideration of subsistence, one should learn to control himself, and eat more “what one should eat” and less “what one wants to eat”. But if one only cares about “what one should eat” and not “what one wants to eat”, he may feel that he has not fully enjoyed life. That’s why the Great Balance Theory suggests giving more consideration to “what one should eat” than to “what one wants to eat”, or letting sense play the main role and sensibility supplement.
饮食平衡具体建议： 1、主食、副食平衡。2、杂粮、美食平衡。3、甘酸苦辛咸五味平衡。4、饮食快慢、冷热平衡。 5、用餐情绪平衡。
Suggestions to keep diet balance: 1) balance between staple food and non-staple foodstuffs, 2) balance between coarse cereals and cate, 3) balance between sweet, sour, bitter, spicy and salty flavors, 4) balance between cold and hot food with a steady speed of eating, and 5) dining in ease.
According to ancient Chinese, “Illness enters through mouth”. Food security has become a severe problem today, said Zhong Nanshan, an expert on respiratory diseases and member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering Science. If no action were taken, many people will not be able to give birth to children in 50 years, he warned, as the sperm density of males today has dropped by nearly half compared with 40 years ago. Scientists also warn people against using vitamins, fresh fruit and vegetable to replace normal food. People of today are not suffering from a vitamin deficiency, but overdose. Vitamin overdose can also cause harms to health.
Ancient Chinese called it neutral if one felt neither hungry nor full, and harmony if one was well-nourished. Regarding the diet changes along with the four seasons, they believed that the products of a certain season were what the human body needed most. In case of nutrition deficiency, food tonics were first recommended, with medicine tonics as a supplement. No deficiency, no tonic. Only in such ways could a person be healthy. People know these hows and whys clearly, but the difficulty lies in perseverance.
In one word, diet balance is the balance in supply and distribution of energy. To keep a diet balance is a reflection of one’s cultural civilization and attainment, and is the key to conquer oneself and guarantee one’s subsistence to enjoy happiness in life. People often complain about the difficulty in seeing doctors and the expensive medicines, and call for the medical departments to make improvements. But if everyone could control his desires and pay attention to diet balance for each meal and each day, doesn’t it mean that we can guard our own health from the very source? Good health is under our own control, and the key is self-conquering as always.
Isn’t such a “rule of diet balance” similar to that in managing state affairs?