下 篇 平衡方法
Part III Methods of Balance
Chapter X Knowledge, Act and Beauty
I. Knowledge: perceive, be aware, know and understand. The Great Balance Theory holds:
1. “Genuine knowledge” is never easy to attain: It is a kind of beauty if one can really acquire the “genuine knowledge”.
2. How to get “knowledge”: through learning, listening, seeing and acting and acquiring by
incidence.Beauty can be felt during all the processes of acquiring “knowledge”.
（3）“知”的环节：a、知其然； b、知其所以然；c、知其所以然之然（循环）； d、身处其境会如何？e、他人是否另有高见？f、其中不足如何补。g、满招损谦受益。
3. Steps of “knowledge”: a. knowing that something is so; b. knowing why it is so; c. knowing reasons for why it is so; d. knowing how to act if one is in a similar condition; e. knowing if others have better opinions or suggestions; f. knowing how to make supplement in case insufficiency occurs; and g. knowing that pride goes before a fall and must be abandoned.
4. Less brings about gain, more gives birth to puzzle. One should industriously practice what has been learned from books, and not be a bookworm.
5. The knowledge keeps changing. No “knowledge” on earth is absolute, all “knowledge” is relative.
II. Act: do, move, deal with and implement.
1. Affirm the goal. Stick to “quasi-balance”, uphold justice, and be constant, firm and indomitable.
2. “Act”: “intangible act”—psychological activities and “tangible act”—physical activities. It is the base of success to keep “quasi-balance” starting with “intangible act”—“mental thinking”.
（3）过程之美：a、强制行； b、坚持行； c；主动行； d、自觉行； e、无以求报行；f、习惯行； g、油然而行。
3. Beauty of process: a. acting by force; b. persisting in act; c. acting actively; d. acting conscientiously; e. acting for no repayment; f. acting from habit; and g. acting spontaneously.
There is nothing absolute in the world. The “order, difficulty and importance” of “knowledge and act” are relative. According to the Great Balance Theory, knowledge and act are integrated like a ring, and the specific situations will matter regarding the “order, difficulty and importance”. Today, it is not important to discuss the “order, difficulty and importance” of “knowledge and act”, but we should be clear:
1) What is the “aim” of the discussion? 2) What is the value of the discussion? 3) Whether people need such discussions? Only after the answers to these questions have been made clear, can the discussion about the “order, difficulty and importance” of “knowledge and act” mean something.
Though general principles are known to all, few do practice them. Why? Besides “easy said than done”, 1) some “act”, but others “don’t”; 2) the “actors” often suffer losses while the “non-actors” get benefits, though in the end the “actors” will win, the long time makes many fail to hold on to the last; and 3) the “non-actors” hold the advantages and think others can’t do anything about them even if they “don’t act”.
So how to deal with this? The Great Balance Theory holds that: 1) the common people usually abide by the rules and hope others all do so; 2) the law is to protect the interests of the public, so disobeying the law will bright about benefits; and 3) generally speaking, ordinary people are hard to resist the temptations and bear the loneliness.
III. Beauty: pretty, good-looking, decent, satisfying, comfortable, appropriate and natural. It is beauty to have “knowledge” and to conduct an “act”, and combination of “knowledge” and “act” brings about more beauty. It is “beauty” to keep pace with the times, to seek harmony while reserving differences, to be self-restraint and obedient to reason, and to combine the nature and quantity. “Applicability” that facilitates subsistence is the highest realm of beauty.
All in all, great beauty originates from great imperfectness, develops with moderation, and disappears in case of excessiveness. If one reason is understood, then all will be understood. All subjects are in fact belonging to one general subject of art and aesthetics. The Great Balance Theory is a kind of simple aesthetics. Knowledge is beauty, act is beauty, and the combination of knowledge and act is also beauty, and being natural and “means” is the best beauty.
The fittest survive. Those who fit the situation will survive, with freedom and ease.
Great Balance Theory, the aesthetics of the common people.
Conclusion of Part III: This part starts with the value and ethics, and draws a “coordinate” for the realization of balance, then puts forth, based on the “cause-result, root-end, and body-function” relations, the method of balance: self-cultivation before work, and lastly discusses that it is beauty to combine “knowledge and act”, and it is also a kind of beauty that “easy said than done” though it is a flaw of human nature.