Ethics: a set of conduct principles for people’s communication. Ethical values: opinions on the principles of communication. The knowledge about the origin, development, principles and rights and obligations regarding human morality.
According to the Great Balance Theory: benevolence is living; love is the method of living, kindness is the realm of living, and evil is alternative and temper of living.
The Great Balance Theory holds that humanity is the “unification of truthfulness, kindheartedness and beauty and falsehood, wickedness and ugliness”. Falsehood, wickedness and ugliness are caused by greed, laziness and desire, while truthfulness, kindheartedness and beauty are rational control of greed, laziness and desire. Greed, laziness and desire are the needs of living, and can not be simply concluded to be good or bad.
The three major ethics of the Great Balance philosophy:
1. Ethic of good faith: No good faith, no mankind. Good faith is the basic premise for human conduct.
2. Universal ethics: Never impose upon others what you dislike yourself. Mind if others like what you like.
Mind if the public like what we like. Practice benevolence according to the common principle. The heaven, the earth and the people will all like it once it stands to the feeling, reason and law.
The four realms of the “universal ethics”:
First, one’s own desire—Never impose upon others what you dislike yourself.
Second: others’ desire—Mind if others like what you like.
Third: public desire—Mind if the public like what we like; practice benevolence according to the common principle.
Fourth: desire of the Great Harmony—The heaven, the earth and the people will all like it once it stands to the feeling, reason and law.
The above four realms constitute a organic whole. When dealing with things, keep the first principle in mind and practice the others one by one so as to make all at peace.
3. Sustainable development ethic: overall coordination, orderly increase and decrease, and virtuous circle.
Six principles of conduct advocated by the Great Balance Theory:
1. Benevolence—First of all it is respect. One never loves others more than oneself. The best way to love oneself is to love others.
2. Dialectic—“both…and…” (principle of universal omnipotence)
3. Thrift—Thrift and tidiness are the two basic rules of conduct. Poverty doesn’t stifle ambition.
4. Necessary knowledge—Meet the minimum requirements of one’s job (principle of role)
5. The respectable observes rites first—The advantageous party has the responsibility to be the first to observe relevant rules.
6. Great harmony— Be harmonious but tolerant of difference; practice benevolence according to the common principle; associate according to the priority of position; and it is the people who are to comment.
In general, it is very important to handle kindness and wickedness in humanity, and the relations between public and private interests in daily work. The Great Balance Theory advocates:
1. Seeking truth from facts. Acknowledge that people do have and should have selfish motives, but not excessive, otherwise they will be punished by law and conscience.
2. Giving correct guidance. Appropriate selfish motives may benefit social development and should be encouraged with guidance. Do not think all things for the public must be good, and all things for the private must be bad. To overdo anything public may lead to jobbery, while appropriate selfishness may promote the growth. Public and private are opposed to each other and one will not exist without the other.
3. Appropriate proportion. Appropriately combining public and private is an ideal mechanism and permanent motive force to social development. A dialectic coordination of the two will make them supplement each other.
Attention should be paid to both academic study and personal cultivation, so as to earnestly coordinate well the relations between conduct, work and learning. —— Hu Jintao